There are 2 techniques of cutting fabric like portable cutting, stationary cutting.With the advancement in technology there have been improvements in fabric techniques also like Automated, Numerically Controlled cutting systems, which has Automatic blade cutting, Laser cutting, Water jet cutting, Die cutting etc.
There are 2 techniques of cutting fabric like portable cutting, stationary cutting. With the advancement in technology there have been improvements in fabric techniques also like Automated, Numerically Controlled cutting systems, which has Automatic blade cutting, Laser cutting, Water jet cutting, Die cutting etc.
- Hand operated scissor
Manually operated power knife:
- Straight knife
- Band knife
- Round knife
- Die to cut
Computerized methods of fabric cutting:
- Computer controlled knife cutting
- Cutting by a Laser beam
- Cutting by Waterjet
- Cutting by the Plasma Torch
What are the various Cutting techniques?
The marker is put on the layers of fabric with the conventional method, a skilled cutter follows the pattern outlined on the marker, using a strait–knife machine with a long, thin blade that vibrates vertically as it is pushed through many layers of fabric. A vertical knife can cut to a depth of 9 inches. For only a few layers, a cutting machine with a rotating circular knife may be used. The cutter must select the correct speed and blade for each type of fabric. For example, a coarse blade edge is used for tightly woven fabrics and a smooth edge for softer fabrics. The cutting tools (cutters) can be classified in to
- Portable cutters
- Powered scissors- these are used for cutting one or two piles and are often used in the sample room.
- Round knife- this is a very fast machine, excellent for cutting straight lines or gradual curves. Blade sizes range from 4cm to 20cm in diameter and the effective cutting height is about 40 per cent of the blade diameter.
- Straight knife-the workhouse of most cutting rooms, the straight knives, if correctly used, is versatile and accurate enough for most purposes.
- Stationary cutters
- Band knife – the narrow blade of this machine allows the finest of shapes to be cut very accurately.
- Press cutting- this process involves the use of a hydraulic press which forces a shaped metal cutting die through a pile of material and is mostly used when large quantities of small components have to be cut very accurately. Press cutting is also often used for cutting many of the components for leather and suede garments.
Read more: Fabric Cutting Techniques