Fabric Cutting Techniques

There are 2 techniques of cutting fabric like portable cutting, stationary cutting.With the advancement in technology there have been improvements in fabric techniques also like Automated, Numerically Controlled cutting systems, which has Automatic blade cutting, Laser cutting, Water jet cutting, Die cutting etc.

There are 2 techniques of cutting fabric like portable cutting, stationary cutting. With the advancement in technology there have been improvements in fabric techniques also like Automated, Numerically Controlled cutting systems, which has Automatic blade cutting, Laser cutting, Water jet cutting, Die cutting etc.

Fully manual:
Hand operated scissor

Manually operated power knife:
Straight knife
Band knife
Round knife
Die to cut
Notcher
Drill

Computerized methods of fabric cutting:
Computer controlled knife cutting
Cutting by a Laser beam
Cutting by Waterjet
Cutting by the Plasma Torch

What are the various Cutting techniques?
The marker is put on the layers of fabric with the conventional method, a skilled cutter follows the pattern outlined on the marker, using a strait–knife machine with a long, thin blade that vibrates vertically as it is pushed through many layers of fabric. A vertical knife can cut to a depth of 9 inches. For only a few layers, a cutting machine with a rotating circular knife may be used. The cutter must select the correct speed and blade for each type of fabric. For example, a coarse blade edge is used for tightly woven fabrics and a smooth edge for softer fabrics. The cutting tools (cutters) can be classified in to

Portable cutters
Powered scissors- these are used for cutting one or two piles and are often used in the sample room.
Round knife- this is a very fast machine, excellent for cutting straight lines or gradual curves. Blade sizes range from 4cm to 20cm in diameter and the effective cutting height is about 40 per cent of the blade diameter.
Straight knife-the workhouse of most cutting rooms, the straight knives, if correctly used, is versatile and accurate enough for most purposes.

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